Threshed hay (#3064)

ID-number#3064
MaterialThreshed hay
Alternative nameThreshed hay
Descriptionbiomassa
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Straw parts
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ other grass ▸ hay
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras
Sample date2006-01-24
Sample locationPetten
Sample lot size25 liter
CountryNetherlands
Producerde Wit, Netherlands
Production date2005-01-01
SubmitterPels, J.R
Submitter organisationde Wit (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-04-06
RemarksB13252-1

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 1.94 1.00 ECN 2006-02-15 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3
Volatile matter wt% 70.35 71.74 78.67 1.00 ECN 2006-02-15
Ash content at 550°C wt% 8.64 8.81 1.00 ECN 2006-02-15 CEN/TS 14775 CEN/TS 14775
Ash content at 815°C wt% 7.76 7.91 1.00 ECN 2006-02-15 CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 19.07 19.45 21.33 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 43.07 43.93 48.17 0.02 0.10 ECN 2006-02-20 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.81 5.93 6.50 1.31 0.10 ECN 2006-02-20 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 1.74 1.78 1.95 1.20 0.10 ECN 2006-02-20 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.22 0.23 0.25 0.00 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS15289 CEN/TS 15104
Oxygen wt% 39.44 40.22 44.11 0.28 0.10 ECN 2006-02-17 B.N213
Total (with halides) wt% 101.88 101.91 102.10 Calculated

Calorific Values

HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.32 17.66 19.37 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 10 039.4 10 238.0 11 227.1 2.0 7.5 ECN 2006-02-21 CEN/TS 15289 CEN/TS 15289
Bromine (Br) mg/kg 63.7 65.0 71.3 5.0 ECN 2006-02-21 B.N203
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 2.0 2.0 2.2 1.0 ECN 2006-02-24 B.N203

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 151.4 0.1 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15290
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 23 809.2 5.0 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15290
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 1 296.3 0.2 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15290
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 4 945.4 0.8 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15290
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 13 641.2 10.4 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15290
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 060.9 0.3 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15290
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 133.4 0.5 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15290
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 3 178.2 12.5 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15290
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 6.9 0.1 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15290

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.9 2.7 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15297
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 0.2 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15297
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 2.2 0.6 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15297
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 0.8 0.6 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15297
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 5.9 0.3 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15297
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 28.7 0.1 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15297
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.8 0.8 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15297
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) -2.7 1.9 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15297
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 0.2 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15297
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 20.3 0.2 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15297
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 3.1 0.0 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15297
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 3.2 1.3 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15297
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) -0.5 2.7 ECN 2006-03-13 CEN/TS 15297

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.6 0.8 ECN 2006-03-13 B.S221
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 19.1 0.0 ECN 2006-03-13 B.S221
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 4.3 0.1 ECN 2006-03-13 B.S221
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 0.9 1.2 ECN 2006-03-13 B.S221