Grass seed chaff (#3063)

ID-number#3063
MaterialGrass seed chaff
Alternative nameGraszaad kaf
Descriptionbiomassa
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Grasses ▸ Seeds
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ others
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [240] gewassen ▸ [242] granen
CountryNetherlands
Production date2008-06-02
SubmitterBakker, F.P.
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-04-15
RemarksECN box 14818 nr 4

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 11.24 0.10 ECN 2008-06-23 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3
Volatile matter wt% 61.42 69.20 81.49 1.84 0.10 ECN 2008-07-15
Ash content at 550°C wt% 13.38 15.08 0.10 ECN 2008-07-15 CEN/TS 14775 CEN/TS 14775
Ash content at 815°C wt% 13.32 15.01 0.10 ECN 2008-07-15 CEN/TS 14775
Fixed carbon wt% 13.95 15.72 18.51 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 36.68 41.33 48.67 0.33 0.10 ECN 2008-07-10 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 4.87 5.49 6.46 0.36 0.10 ECN 2008-07-10 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 1.50 1.69 1.99 3.47 0.10 ECN 2008-07-10 CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.16 0.18 0.21 0.00 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS15289 CEN/TS 15104
Oxygen wt% 33.54 37.79 44.50 0.10 ECN 2008-07-10 B.N213
Total (with halides) wt% 101.50 101.69 101.99 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.93 17.13 20.17 1.00 ECN 2008-07-16 CEN/TS 14918 CEN/TS 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 14.58 16.42 19.34 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 251.5 1 410.0 1 660.4 10.0 ECN 2008-07-15 CEN/TS 15289 CEN/TS 15289
Bromine (Br) mg/kg 11.1 12.5 14.7 5.0 ECN 2008-07-15 B.N203
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 30.2 34.0 40.0 10.0 ECN 2008-07-22 B.N203

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 2 697.3 0.3 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 7 088.0 3.2 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 615.9 1.3 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 7 216.1 2.9 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 67 792.6 13.9 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 392.2 0.2 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 2 224.1 0.8 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 2 522.2 1.2 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 269.9 0.1 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15290

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.3 5.8 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 0.3 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.8 0.4 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 13.9 0.2 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 6.2 0.2 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 66.8 0.1 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 4.6 0.8 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 3.8 5.8 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 4.9 0.2 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 37.4 0.3 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 23.0 0.0 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 3.5 1.6 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 2.9 ECN 2008-06-26 CEN/TS 15297

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 0.6 ECN 2008-06-26 B.S221
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 24.9 0.0 ECN 2008-06-26 B.S221
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 7.7 0.4 ECN 2008-06-26 B.S221
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) -0.2 1.6 ECN 2008-06-26 B.S221