Straw (BM6) (#3059)

ID-number#3059
MaterialStraw (BM6)
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Herbaceous biomass ▸ Agriculture and Horticulture herb ▸ Cereal crops ▸ Straw parts
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear)
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro
SubmitterECN
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 5.01 ECN CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 CEN/TS 14774-3:2004 Solid biofuels - Methods for the determination of moisture content - Oven dry method - Part 3: Moisture in general analysis sample
Volatile matter wt% 70.67 74.40 80.08 ECN CEN/TS 15148:2005
Ash content at 550°C wt% 6.73 7.09 ECN CEN/TS 14775 CEN/TS 14775 2004 Solid biofuels - Method for the determination of ash content
Fixed carbon wt% 17.58 18.51 19.92 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 42.12 44.34 47.72 ECN CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Hydrogen wt% 5.48 5.77 6.21 ECN CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Nitrogen wt% 0.09 0.10 0.11 ECN CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Sulphur wt% 0.13 0.13 0.14 ECN CEN/TS15289 CEN/TS15289:2005 Solid Biofuels - Determination of total content of sulphur and chlorine
Oxygen wt% 39.11 41.17 44.31 ECN CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Total (with halides) wt% 99.57 99.54 99.51 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.09 18.00 19.37 ECN CEN/TS 14918:2005 Solid Biofuels - Method for the determination of calorific value
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.82 17.70 19.05 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 8 950.9 9 423.0 10 142.1 ECN CEN/TS 15289 CEN/TS 15289:2006 Solid Biofuels - Determination of total content of sulphur and chlorine

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 114.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 13 985.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 50.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 3 285.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 17 146.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 377.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 131.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 547.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 6.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements

Minor elements

Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 12.0 ECN CEN/TS 15297:2005 Solid Biofuels - Determination of minor elements
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 3.2 ECN CEN/TS 15297:2005 Solid Biofuels - Determination of minor elements
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 10.0 ECN CEN/TS 15297:2005 Solid Biofuels - Determination of minor elements