Olive residue (#3054)

ID-number#3054
MaterialOlive residue
Alternative nameOlive residue-ECN box 12462
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Fruit biomass ▸ Fruit processing industry ▸ Chemically treated fruit residues ▸ Exhausted olive cake
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ olive ▸ olive residue
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [524] olijven
SubmitterECN
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 14.33 ECN CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 CEN/TS 14774-3:2004 Solid biofuels - Methods for the determination of moisture content - Oven dry method - Part 3: Moisture in general analysis sample
Volatile matter wt% 62.97 73.50 80.64 ECN CEN/TS 15148:2005
Ash content at 550°C wt% 7.58 8.85 ECN CEN/TS 14775 CEN/TS 14775 2004 Solid biofuels - Method for the determination of ash content
Fixed carbon wt% 15.12 17.65 19.36 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 41.64 48.60 53.32 ECN CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Hydrogen wt% 5.14 6.00 6.58 ECN CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Nitrogen wt% 1.39 1.62 1.78 ECN CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Sulphur wt% 0.10 0.12 0.13 ECN CEN/TS15289 CEN/TS15289:2005 Solid Biofuels - Determination of total content of sulphur and chlorine
Oxygen wt% 31.16 36.37 39.90 ECN CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Total (with halides) wt% 101.59 101.86 102.04 Calculated

Calorific Values

HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.99 19.83 21.76 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 2 562.4 2 991.0 3 281.4 ECN CEN/TS 15289 CEN/TS 15289:2006 Solid Biofuels - Determination of total content of sulphur and chlorine

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 1 066.8 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 15 561.3 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 718.5 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 8 551.5 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 7 929.1 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 4 995.5 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 1 704.4 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 1 297.6 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 50.1 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements

Minor elements

Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 35.1 ECN CEN/TS 15297:2005 Solid Biofuels - Determination of minor elements
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 1.5 ECN
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 14.8 ECN CEN/TS 15297:2005 Solid Biofuels - Determination of minor elements