bark, spruce (BM1) (#3045)

ID-number#3045
Materialbark, spruce (BM1)
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Woody biomass ▸ Forest and plantation wood ▸ Bark
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ bark ▸ bark, spruce
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [112] schors
SubmitterECN
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 1.59 ECN CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 CEN/TS 14774-3:2004 Solid biofuels - Methods for the determination of moisture content - Oven dry method - Part 3: Moisture in general analysis sample
Volatile matter wt% 69.19 70.31 73.38 ECN CEN/TS 15148:2005
Ash content at 550°C wt% 4.11 4.18 ECN CEN/TS 14775 CEN/TS 14775 2004 Solid biofuels - Method for the determination of ash content
Fixed carbon wt% 25.10 25.51 26.62 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 48.19 48.97 51.11 ECN CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Hydrogen wt% 5.78 5.87 6.13 ECN CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Nitrogen wt% 0.51 0.52 0.54 ECN CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Sulphur wt% 0.04 0.04 0.04 ECN CEN/TS15289 CEN/TS15289:2005 Solid Biofuels - Determination of total content of sulphur and chlorine
Oxygen wt% 40.47 41.12 42.91 ECN CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Total (with halides) wt% 100.70 100.71 100.74 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.80 19.11 19.94 ECN
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.09 19.40 20.25 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 117.1 119.0 124.2 ECN CEN/TS 15289 CEN/TS 15289:2006 Solid Biofuels - Determination of total content of sulphur and chlorine

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 852.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 2 235.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 128.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 12 407.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 2 908.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 735.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 475.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 342.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 28.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements

Minor elements

Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 437.0 ECN CEN/TS 15297:2005 Solid Biofuels - Determination of minor elements
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 1.4 ECN CEN/TS 15297:2005 Solid Biofuels - Determination of minor elements
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 74.0 ECN CEN/TS 15297:2005 Solid Biofuels - Determination of minor elements

Physical Properties

Particle size distribution

0.25-0.5 mm wt% 12.33 CEN/TS 15149-1,2
0.5-1.0 mm wt% 13.45 CEN/TS 15149-1,2
1.0-1.4 mm wt% 17.51 CEN/TS 15149-1,2
1.4-2.0 mm wt% 17.51 CEN/TS 15149-1,2
2.0-2.8 mm wt% 16.57 CEN/TS 15149-1,2
2.8-3.15 mm wt% 22.63 CEN/TS 15149-1,2