Wood Chips Spruce (BM2) (#3043)

ID-number#3043
MaterialWood Chips Spruce (BM2)
Descriptionwood chips
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Woody biomass ▸ Forest and plantation wood
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce ▸ wood, spruce
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [131] naaldhout
SubmitterECN
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 1.43 ECN CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3 CEN/TS 14774-3:2004 Solid biofuels - Methods for the determination of moisture content - Oven dry method - Part 3: Moisture in general analysis sample
Volatile matter wt% 82.79 83.99 84.36 ECN CEN/TS 15148:2005
Ash content at 550°C wt% 0.43 0.44 ECN CEN/TS 14775 CEN/TS 14775 2004 Solid biofuels - Method for the determination of ash content
Fixed carbon wt% 15.35 15.57 15.64 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.54 47.22 47.43 ECN CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Hydrogen wt% 6.02 6.11 6.14 ECN CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Nitrogen wt% 0.08 0.08 0.08 ECN CEN/TS 15104 CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Sulphur wt% 0.01 0.01 0.01 ECN CEN/TS15289 CEN/TS15289:2005 Solid Biofuels - Determination of total content of sulphur and chlorine
Oxygen wt% 42.65 43.27 43.46 ECN CEN/TS 15104:2005 Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods
Total (with halides) wt% 97.17 97.13 97.12 Calculated

Calorific Values

Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.80 18.06 18.14 ECN CEN/TS 14918:2005 Solid Biofuels - Method for the determination of calorific value
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.70 18.97 19.06 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 47.3 48.0 48.2 ECN CEN/TS 15289 CEN/TS 15289:2006 Solid Biofuels - Determination of total content of sulphur and chlorine

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 64.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 352.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 21.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 924.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 256.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 124.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 44.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 52.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 3.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290:2006Solid Biofuels - Determination of major elements

Minor elements

Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 145.0 ECN CEN/TS 15297:2005 Solid Biofuels - Determination of minor elements
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 1.8 ECN CEN/TS 15297:2005 Solid Biofuels - Determination of minor elements
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 7.0 ECN CEN/TS 15297:2005 Solid Biofuels - Determination of minor elements

Physical Properties

Particle size distribution

0.25-0.5 mm wt% 8.63 CEN/TS 15149-1,2
0.5-1.0 mm wt% 14.57 CEN/TS 15149-1,2
1.0-1.4 mm wt% 31.50 CEN/TS 15149-1,2
1.4-2.0 mm wt% 31.50 CEN/TS 15149-1,2
2.0-2.8 mm wt% 11.89 CEN/TS 15149-1,2
2.8-3.15 mm wt% 1.90 CEN/TS 15149-1,2