soft wood (#303)

ID-number#303
Materialsoft wood
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ other soft wood ▸ soft wood
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [132] naaldhout met schors
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarksresidues, mixed, air dried residues, chipped
LiteratureAnonymous: Forestry waste firing of industrial boilers, Oldham (UK), FEC Consultants, ETSU-B--1178 (1990).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 37.30
Ash content wt% 2.00 3.19
Volatile matter wt% 39.19 62.50 64.56
Fixed carbon wt% 21.51 34.31 35.44 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 33.32 53.15 54.90 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.19 6.68 6.90 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.12 0.19 0.20 Measured
Oxygen wt% 23.07 36.79 38.00 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 9.31 16.31 16.84
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 11.17 17.81 18.40
HHVMilne MJ/kg 14.09 22.47 23.21 Calculated