soft wood (#302)

ID-number#302
Materialsoft wood
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ other soft wood ▸ soft wood
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [132] naaldhout met schors
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarksresidues, mixed, air dried residues, chipped
LiteratureAnonymous: Forestry waste firing of industrial boilers, Oldham (UK), FEC Consultants, ETSU-B--1178 (1990).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 35.00
Ash content wt% 2.88 4.43
Volatile matter wt% 50.90 78.30 81.93
Fixed carbon wt% 11.23 17.27 18.07 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 31.81 48.93 51.20 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 3.91 6.02 6.30 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.06 0.10 0.10 Measured
Oxygen wt% 26.34 40.52 42.40 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 10.31 17.18 17.98
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 12.06 18.56 19.42
HHVMilne MJ/kg 12.81 19.71 20.62 Calculated