soft wood (#299)

ID-number#299
Materialsoft wood
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ other soft wood ▸ soft wood
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [132] naaldhout met schors
Ash typelaboratory
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Remarksresidues
LiteratureAnonymous: Forestry waste firing of industrial boilers, Oldham (UK), FEC Consultants, ETSU-B--1178 (1990).

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 170
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 180
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 200

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 1.70
P2O5 wt% (ash) 4.80
SiO2 wt% (ash) 36.30
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 1.50
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 4.70
CaO wt% (ash) 32.00
MgO wt% (ash) 4.40
Na2O wt% (ash) 2.30
K2O wt% (ash) 8.50
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.30