palm oil kernel shell torrefied at 300°C (#2943)

ID-number#2943
Materialpalm oil kernel shell torrefied at 300°C
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ husks/shells/pits ▸ other
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [803] brandstof na torrefactie
Ash type700°C
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-06-27
Remarksraw material and material torrefied at lower temperatures in previous entries
LiteratureY. Uemura, W.N. Omar, T. Tsutsui, S.Bt.Yusup: Torrefaction of oil palm wastes. Fuel 90 (2011) 2582-2591.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 0.00
Ash content wt% 3.53 3.53

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 54.21 54.21 56.19 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.08 5.08 5.27 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.50 0.50 0.52 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.02 0.02 Measured
Oxygen wt% 36.66 36.66 38.00 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 20.57 20.57 21.32
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 21.68 21.68 22.47
HHVMilne MJ/kg 20.69 20.69 21.45 Calculated