palm oil kernel shell torrefied at 250°C (#2942)

ID-number#2942
Materialpalm oil kernel shell torrefied at 250°C
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ husks/shells/pits ▸ other
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [803] brandstof na torrefactie
Ash type700°C
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-06-27
Remarksraw material in previous entry, material torrefied at lower and higher temperature in previous and next entry
LiteratureY. Uemura, W.N. Omar, T. Tsutsui, S.Bt.Yusup: Torrefaction of oil palm wastes. Fuel 90 (2011) 2582-2591.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 0.00
Ash content wt% 3.42 3.42

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 51.89 51.89 53.73 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.71 5.71 5.91 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.47 0.47 0.49 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.01 0.01 0.01 Measured
Oxygen wt% 38.50 38.50 39.86 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.82 17.82 18.46
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.07 19.07 19.75
HHVMilne MJ/kg 20.52 20.52 21.24 Calculated