palm oil kernel shell torrefied at 220°C (#2941)

ID-number#2941
Materialpalm oil kernel shell torrefied at 220°C
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ husks/shells/pits ▸ other
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [803] brandstof na torrefactie
Ash type700°C
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-06-27
Remarksraw material in previous entry, material torrefied at higher temperatures in next entries
LiteratureY. Uemura, W.N. Omar, T. Tsutsui, S.Bt.Yusup: Torrefaction of oil palm wastes. Fuel 90 (2011) 2582-2591.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 0.00
Ash content wt% 4.33 4.33

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.87 45.87 47.95 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 6.31 6.31 6.60 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.40 0.40 0.42 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.02 0.02 Measured
Oxygen wt% 43.07 43.07 45.02 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.47 17.47 18.26
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.85 18.85 19.70
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.71 18.71 19.55 Calculated