palm oil kernel shell (#2940)

ID-number#2940
Materialpalm oil kernel shell
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ food industry waste
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [580] overig ▸ [584] oliezadenmeel, cake of schroot - residu vanvetten en oliën
Ash type700°C
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-06-27
Remarksdata on torrefied material in next entries
LiteratureY. Uemura, W.N. Omar, T. Tsutsui, S.Bt.Yusup: Torrefaction of oil palm wastes. Fuel 90 (2011) 2582-2591.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 21.40
Ash content wt% 3.44 4.38

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 36.69 46.68 48.82 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.61 5.86 6.13 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.79 1.01 1.06 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.05 0.06 0.06 Measured
Oxygen wt% 33.02 42.01 43.93 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.02 18.50 19.35
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 15.55 19.78 20.69
HHVMilne MJ/kg 14.50 18.44 19.29 Calculated