Empty Fruit Bunches palm oil torrefied at 300°C (#2935)

ID-number#2935
MaterialEmpty Fruit Bunches palm oil torrefied at 300°C
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ organic residue ▸ empty fruit bunches
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [803] brandstof na torrefactie
Ash type700°C
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-06-27
Remarksraw material and material torrefied at lower temperatures in previous entries
LiteratureY. Uemura, W.N. Omar, T. Tsutsui, S.Bt.Yusup: Torrefaction of oil palm wastes. Fuel 90 (2011) 2582-2591.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 0.00
Ash content wt% 1.58 1.58

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 49.56 49.56 50.36 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.38 4.38 4.45 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.27 1.27 1.29 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.02 0.02 Measured
Oxygen wt% 43.19 43.19 43.88 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 19.45 19.45 19.77
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 20.41 20.41 20.74
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.33 17.33 17.61 Calculated