Empty Fruit Bunches palm oil torrefied at 250°C (#2934)

ID-number#2934
MaterialEmpty Fruit Bunches palm oil torrefied at 250°C
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ organic residue ▸ empty fruit bunches
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [803] brandstof na torrefactie
Ash type700°C
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-06-27
Remarksraw material in previous entry, material torrefied at lower and higher temperatures in previous and next entry
LiteratureY. Uemura, W.N. Omar, T. Tsutsui, S.Bt.Yusup: Torrefaction of oil palm wastes. Fuel 90 (2011) 2582-2591.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 0.00
Ash content wt% 4.28 4.28

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.07 47.07 49.17 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.95 4.95 5.17 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.35 1.35 1.41 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.11 0.11 0.11 Measured
Oxygen wt% 42.24 42.24 44.13 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.59 16.59 17.33
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.67 17.67 18.46
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.31 17.31 18.08 Calculated