Empty Fruit Bunches palm oil torrefied 220°C (#2933)

ID-number#2933
MaterialEmpty Fruit Bunches palm oil torrefied 220°C
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ organic residue ▸ empty fruit bunches
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [803] brandstof na torrefactie
Ash type700°C
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-06-27
Remarksraw material in previous entry, torrefied materials at higher temperature in next entries
LiteratureY. Uemura, W.N. Omar, T. Tsutsui, S.Bt.Yusup: Torrefaction of oil palm wastes. Fuel 90 (2011) 2582-2591.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 0.00
Ash content wt% 5.75 5.75

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.75 46.75 49.60 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.68 4.68 4.97 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.27 1.27 1.35 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.12 0.12 0.13 Measured
Oxygen wt% 41.42 41.42 43.95 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 99.99 99.99 99.99 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.15 16.15 17.13
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.17 17.17 18.22
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.93 16.93 17.96 Calculated