Longan seeds (#2927)

ID-number#2927
MaterialLongan seeds
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ food industry waste
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [529] overige schillen/vliezen/pitten
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-03-01
RemarksOriginal source gives oxygen content calculated as 100-C-H. Here, the content is given as 100-ash-C-H-N-S
LiteratureM. Nagle, K. Habasimbi, B. Mahayothee, M. Haewsungcharern, S. Janjai, J. Müller: Fruit processing residues as an alternative fuel for drying in Northern Thailand. Fuel 90 (2011) 818-823.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 35.06
Ash content wt% 2.16 3.33
Volatile matter wt% 45.30 69.75 72.15
Fixed carbon wt% 17.48 26.92 27.85 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 27.99 43.10 44.58 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.45 6.85 7.09 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.77 1.18 1.22 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.05 0.08 0.08 Measured
Oxygen wt% 29.52 45.46 47.03 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.01 100.02 100.02 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 10.05 16.80 17.37
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 11.88 18.29 18.92
HHVMilne MJ/kg 11.76 18.11 18.74 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 129.9 200.0 206.9 Measured

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 5 677.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 3.8 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 257.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 16.0 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.0 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 7.3 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 8.7 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.1 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 15.7 Measured