Litchi seeds (#2926)

ID-number#2926
MaterialLitchi seeds
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ food industry waste
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [529] overige schillen/vliezen/pitten
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-03-01
RemarksOriginal source gives oxygen content calculated as 100-C-H. Here, the content is given as 100-ash-C-H-N-S
LiteratureM. Nagle, K. Habasimbi, B. Mahayothee, M. Haewsungcharern, S. Janjai, J. Müller: Fruit processing residues as an alternative fuel for drying in Northern Thailand. Fuel 90 (2011) 818-823.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 59.86
Ash content wt% 0.96 2.38
Volatile matter wt% 27.50 68.51 70.18
Fixed carbon wt% 11.68 29.11 29.82 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 17.50 43.60 44.66 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 2.75 6.86 7.03 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.46 1.14 1.17 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.03 0.08 0.08 Measured
Oxygen wt% 18.44 45.94 47.06 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.01 100.03 100.03 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 5.30 16.84 17.25
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 7.36 18.34 18.79
HHVMilne MJ/kg 7.33 18.26 18.70 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 120.4 300.0 307.3 Measured

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 8 160.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 1.0
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 965.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 11.0 Measured

Minor elements

Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 11.8 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 7.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.0 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 18.0 Measured