Longan peel (#2924)

ID-number#2924
MaterialLongan peel
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ food industry waste
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [529] overige schillen/vliezen/pitten
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-03-01
RemarksOriginal source gives oxygen content calculated as 100-C-H. Here, the content is given as 100-ash-C-H-N-S
LiteratureM. Nagle, K. Habasimbi, B. Mahayothee, M. Haewsungcharern, S. Janjai, J. Müller: Fruit processing residues as an alternative fuel for drying in Northern Thailand. Fuel 90 (2011) 818-823.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 56.59
Ash content wt% 3.08 7.10
Volatile matter wt% 28.61 65.90 70.94
Fixed carbon wt% 11.72 27.00 29.06 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 18.54 42.70 45.96 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 3.01 6.94 7.47 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.45 1.04 1.12 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.04 0.10 0.11 Measured
Oxygen wt% 18.28 42.12 45.34 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.03 100.07 100.08 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 6.33 17.78 19.13
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 8.37 19.29 20.76
HHVMilne MJ/kg 8.01 18.46 19.87 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 303.9 700.0 753.5 Measured

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 8 410.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 17.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 640.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 59.0 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Measured
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 4.7 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 19.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 0.6 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.7 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 8.8 Measured