Litchi peel (#2923)

ID-number#2923
MaterialLitchi peel
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ food industry waste
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [529] overige schillen/vliezen/pitten
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-03-01
RemarksOriginal source gives oxygen content calculated as 100-C-H. Here, the content is given as 100-ash-C-H-N-S
LiteratureM. Nagle, K. Habasimbi, B. Mahayothee, M. Haewsungcharern, S. Janjai, J. Müller: Fruit processing residues as an alternative fuel for drying in Northern Thailand. Fuel 90 (2011) 818-823.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 62.32
Ash content wt% 1.58 4.19
Volatile matter wt% 25.63 68.03 71.01
Fixed carbon wt% 10.47 27.78 28.99 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 16.99 45.10 47.07 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 2.50 6.63 6.92 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.36 0.96 1.00 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.06 0.06 Measured
Oxygen wt% 16.23 43.06 44.94 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.02 100.06 100.06 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 5.21 17.86 18.64
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 7.28 19.31 20.15
HHVMilne MJ/kg 7.09 18.80 19.63 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 226.1 600.0 626.2 Measured

Major elements

Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 12 200.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 8.7 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 2 275.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 20.0 Measured

Minor elements

Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 6.9 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 42.5 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 0.8 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 20.0 Measured