cotton stalk (#2916)

ID-number#2916
Materialcotton stalk
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ others
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-02-28
LiteratureZ. Sun, J. Shen, B. Jin, L. Wei: Combustion characteristics of cotton stalk in FBC. Biomass and Bioenergy 34 (2010) 761-770.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 15.00
Ash content wt% 2.68 3.15
Volatile matter wt% 63.07 74.20 76.61
Fixed carbon wt% 19.25 22.65 23.39 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 40.44 47.58 49.12 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.07 5.96 6.16 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.21 0.25 0.26 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.10 0.12 0.12 Measured
Oxygen wt% 36.50 42.94 44.34 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 12.03 14.58 15.05
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 13.50 15.88 16.40
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.05 18.89 19.50 Calculated