wood, pine, Canada (#2912)

ID-number#2912
Materialwood, pine, Canada
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ fir/pine/spruce
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [130] naaldhout ▸ [131] naaldhout
Ash typeASTM 3174-04 (575°C)
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-02-28
Remarksmoisture ASTM 3173-87; volatiles ASTM D 3175-07
LiteratureS. Naik, V.V. Goud, P.K. Rout, K. Jacobson, A.K. Dalai: Characterization of Canadian biomass for alternative renewable biofuel. Renewable Energy 35 (2010) 1624-1631.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 5.80
Ash content wt% 1.50 1.59
Volatile matter wt% 82.43 87.50 88.91
Fixed carbon wt% 10.28 10.91 11.09 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.42 48.22 49.00 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.93 6.30 6.40 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.13 0.14 0.14 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.01 0.01 0.01 Measured
Oxygen wt% 41.21 43.74 44.45 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.03 18.23 18.52
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.46 19.60 19.92
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.35 19.48 19.80 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 39.00 Sugar Analysis
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 34.00 Sugar Analysis
Lignin wt% (dry) 12.00 Measured
Extractives 95% EtOH wt% (dry) 6.80 Measured
Extractives hot water wt% (dry) 4.50 Measured

C5

Arabinan wt% (dry) 20.90
Xylan wt% (dry) 5.30
Sum C5 wt% (dry) 26.20 Calculated

C6

Mannan wt% (dry) 3.10
Galactan wt% (dry) 4.30
Glucan wt% (dry) 39.00
Sum C6 wt% (dry) 46.40 Calculated
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 97.89 Calculated

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 6.24
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 7.49
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 9.38
CaO wt% (ash) 21.09
MgO wt% (ash) 5.69
Cu mg/kg (ash) 3 879.0
Mn mg/kg (ash) 1 247.0