timothy grass, Canada (#2911)

ID-number#2911
Materialtimothy grass, Canada
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ other grass
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [210] gras ▸ [219] overig gras
Ash typeASTM 3174-04 (575°C)
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-02-28
Remarksmoisture ASTM 3173-87; volatiles ASTM D 3175-07
LiteratureS. Naik, V.V. Goud, P.K. Rout, K. Jacobson, A.K. Dalai: Characterization of Canadian biomass for alternative renewable biofuel. Renewable Energy 35 (2010) 1624-1631.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 5.00
Ash content wt% 1.10 1.16
Volatile matter wt% 77.90 82.00 82.96
Fixed carbon wt% 16.00 16.84 17.04 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 39.81 41.91 42.40 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.63 5.93 6.00 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.97 1.02 1.03 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.14 0.15 0.15 Measured
Oxygen wt% 47.34 49.84 50.42 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.51 15.41 15.59
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 15.87 16.70 16.90
HHVMilne MJ/kg 15.22 16.02 16.21 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 31.50 Sugar Analysis
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 27.50 Sugar Analysis
Lignin wt% (dry) 24.00 Measured
Extractives 95% EtOH wt% (dry) 5.40 Measured
Extractives hot water wt% (dry) 8.00 Measured

C5

Arabinan wt% (dry) 2.30
Xylan wt% (dry) 10.10
Sum C5 wt% (dry) 12.40 Calculated

C6

Mannan wt% (dry) 13.40
Galactan wt% (dry) 1.70
Glucan wt% (dry) 31.50
Sum C6 wt% (dry) 46.60 Calculated
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 97.56 Calculated

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 5.22
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.15
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.11
MgO wt% (ash) 3.40
Cu mg/kg (ash) 147.0
Mn mg/kg (ash) 684.0