barley straw, Canada (#2909)

ID-number#2909
Materialbarley straw, Canada
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ barley ▸ barley
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [222] gerstestro
Ash typeASTM 3174-04 (575°C)
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-02-28
Remarksmoisture ASTM 3173-87; volatiles ASTM D 3175-07
LiteratureS. Naik, V.V. Goud, P.K. Rout, K. Jacobson, A.K. Dalai: Characterization of Canadian biomass for alternative renewable biofuel. Renewable Energy 35 (2010) 1624-1631.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 6.90
Ash content wt% 9.78 10.50
Volatile matter wt% 78.48 84.30 94.19
Fixed carbon wt% 4.84 5.20 5.81 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 34.50 37.05 41.40 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.17 5.55 6.20 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.52 0.56 0.63 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.01 0.01 0.01 Measured
Oxygen wt% 43.13 46.33 51.76 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 13.32 14.49 16.19
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 14.62 15.70 17.54
HHVMilne MJ/kg 13.22 14.20 15.87 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 32.50 Sugar Analysis
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 25.70 Sugar Analysis
Lignin wt% (dry) 23.00 Measured
Extractives 95% EtOH wt% (dry) 4.60 Measured
Extractives hot water wt% (dry) 8.50 Measured

C5

Arabinan wt% (dry) 7.60
Xylan wt% (dry) 8.90
Sum C5 wt% (dry) 16.50 Calculated

C6

Mannan wt% (dry) 0.20
Galactan wt% (dry) 9.10
Glucan wt% (dry) 32.50
Sum C6 wt% (dry) 41.80 Calculated
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 104.80 Calculated

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 4.07
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 3.85
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.49
MgO wt% (ash) 2.74
Cu mg/kg (ash) 134.0
Mn mg/kg (ash) 288.0