wheat straw, Canada (#2908)

ID-number#2908
Materialwheat straw, Canada
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ wheat
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [223] tarwestro
Ash typeASTM 3174-04 (575°C)
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-02-28
Remarksmoisture ASTM 3173-87; volatiles ASTM D 3175-07
LiteratureS. Naik, V.V. Goud, P.K. Rout, K. Jacobson, A.K. Dalai: Characterization of Canadian biomass for alternative renewable biofuel. Renewable Energy 35 (2010) 1624-1631.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 6.00
Ash content wt% 1.30 1.38
Volatile matter wt% 78.30 83.30 84.47
Fixed carbon wt% 14.40 15.32 15.53 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 38.56 41.03 41.60 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.65 6.02 6.10 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.13 0.14 0.14 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.06 0.06 0.06 Measured
Oxygen wt% 48.30 51.38 52.10 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.70 18.99 19.25
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 19.08 20.30 20.58
HHVMilne MJ/kg 14.80 15.74 15.96 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Biochemical composition

Cellulose wt% (dry) 34.60 Sugar Analysis
Hemicellulose wt% (dry) 29.30 Sugar Analysis
Lignin wt% (dry) 21.30 Measured
Extractives 95% EtOH wt% (dry) 2.10 Measured
Extractives hot water wt% (dry) 10.30 Measured

C5

Arabinan wt% (dry) 12.00
Xylan wt% (dry) 10.30
Sum C5 wt% (dry) 22.30 Calculated

C6

Mannan wt% (dry) 6.30
Galactan wt% (dry) 0.60
Glucan wt% (dry) 34.60
Sum C6 wt% (dry) 41.50 Calculated
Total ash + biochemical wt% (dry) 98.98 Calculated

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 3.30
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.83
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 2.20
MgO wt% (ash) 3.74
Cu mg/kg (ash) 163.0
Mn mg/kg (ash) 383.0