wood, pyrenean oak residues pellets (#2894)

ID-number#2894
Materialwood, pyrenean oak residues pellets
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ oak
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [120] loofhout ▸ [126] hard loofhout met schors
Ash typeCEN/TS 14775
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-01-07
Remarksanalyses according to CEN/TS 1474-2 (moisture), CEN/TS 15148 (volatiles), CEN/TS 15104 (C, H, N), CEN/TS 15289 (S), UNE-CEN/TS 15105 EX (Cl), UNE164001 EX (HHV)
LiteratureT. Miranda, S. Román, J.I. Arranz, S. Rojas, J.F. González, I. Montero: Emissions from thermal degradation of pellets with different contents of olive waste and forest residues. Fuel Processing Technology 91 (2010) 1459-1463.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 4.70
Ash content wt% 3.54 3.71
Volatile matter wt% 79.71 83.64 86.86
Fixed carbon wt% 12.06 12.65 13.14 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 46.81 49.12 51.01 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 7.45 7.82 8.12 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.53 0.56 0.58 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.02 0.02 Measured
Oxygen wt% 36.95 38.77 40.26 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.02 100.02 100.02 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.49 17.42 18.09
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.23 19.13 19.86
HHVMilne MJ/kg 21.27 22.32 23.17 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 190.6 200.0 207.7 Measured

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SiO2 wt% (ash) 2.50
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 1.25
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 11.14
CaO wt% (ash) 15.76
MgO wt% (ash) 11.96
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.65
K2O wt% (ash) 14.46