olive pomace pellets (#2893)

ID-number#2893
Materialolive pomace pellets
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ food industry waste
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [524] olijven
Ash typeCEN/TS 14775
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-01-07
Remarksanalyses according to CEN/TS 1474-2 (moisture), CEN/TS 15148 (volatiles), CEN/TS 15104 (C, H, N), CEN/TS 15289 (S), UNE-CEN/TS 15105 EX (Cl), UNE164001 EX (HHV)
LiteratureT. Miranda, S. Román, J.I. Arranz, S. Rojas, J.F. González, I. Montero: Emissions from thermal degradation of pellets with different contents of olive waste and forest residues. Fuel Processing Technology 91 (2010) 1459-1463.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 6.86
Ash content wt% 5.17 5.55
Volatile matter wt% 71.89 77.18 81.72
Fixed carbon wt% 16.09 17.27 18.28 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 47.89 51.42 54.44 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 6.11 6.56 6.95 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.84 1.98 2.10 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.10 0.11 0.12 Measured
Oxygen wt% 32.02 34.38 36.40 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.39 100.42 100.44 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 19.02 20.60 21.81
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 20.52 22.03 23.32
HHVMilne MJ/kg 20.28 21.77 23.05 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 3 911.9 4 200.0 4 446.8 Measured

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SiO2 wt% (ash) 22.28
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.71
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 2.51
CaO wt% (ash) 4.01
MgO wt% (ash) 4.68
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.97
K2O wt% (ash) 43.98