pepper plant (#2889)

ID-number#2889
Materialpepper plant
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ vegetable
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [250] overige restprodcuten ▸ [252] tuinbouwafval
Ash typeUNE-CEN/TS 14775:2007 EX
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-01-07
RemarksC,H and N determined according to UNE-CEN/TS 15104:2008 EX. S according to ASTM D4239-08, Cl according to ASTM E776-87. Erroneous data for ash metal content corrected after consultation with authors.
LiteratureA.J. Callejón-Ferre, B. Velázquez-Martí, J.A. López-Martínez, F. Manzano-Agugliaro: Greenhouse crop residues: Energy potential and models for the prediction of their higher heating value. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15 (2011) 948-955.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 80.91
Ash content wt% 3.41 17.86
Volatile matter wt% 13.27 69.50 84.61
Fixed carbon wt% 2.41 12.64 15.39 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 7.50 39.27 47.81 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 0.80 4.17 5.08 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.63 3.28 3.99 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.08 0.40 0.49 Measured
Oxygen wt% 6.68 35.01 42.62 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.15 100.77 100.94 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 0.76 14.35 17.48
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 2.91 15.26 18.58
HHVMilne MJ/kg 2.69 14.11 17.18 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 496.7 7 840.0 9 544.7 Measured

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 993
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 650
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 650
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 650

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 4.15
SiO2 wt% (ash) 6.63
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.17
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.22
CaO wt% (ash) 26.11
MgO wt% (ash) 8.06
Na2O wt% (ash) 1.78
K2O wt% (ash) 19.90
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.02
Cu mg/kg (ash) 1 940.0
Mn mg/kg (ash) 202.0