bean plant (#2888)

ID-number#2888
Materialbean plant
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ vegetable
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [250] overige restprodcuten ▸ [252] tuinbouwafval
Ash typeUNE-CEN/TS 14775:2007 EX
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-01-07
RemarksC,H and N determined according to UNE-CEN/TS 15104:2008 EX. S according to ASTM D4239-08, Cl according to ASTM E776-87. Erroneous data for ash metal content corrected after consultation with authors.
LiteratureA.J. Callejón-Ferre, B. Velázquez-Martí, J.A. López-Martínez, F. Manzano-Agugliaro: Greenhouse crop residues: Energy potential and models for the prediction of their higher heating value. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15 (2011) 948-955.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 85.52
Ash content wt% 2.23 15.41
Volatile matter wt% 10.38 71.67 84.73
Fixed carbon wt% 1.87 12.92 15.27 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 6.21 42.86 50.67 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 0.70 4.81 5.69 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.52 3.62 4.28 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.12 0.14 Measured
Oxygen wt% 4.80 33.18 39.22 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.21 101.45 101.71 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 0.22 15.96 18.87
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 2.46 17.01 20.11
HHVMilne MJ/kg 2.37 16.37 19.35 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 2 099.6 14 500.0 17 141.5 Measured

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 353
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 650
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 650
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 650

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 6.68
SiO2 wt% (ash) 8.98
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.32
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.50
CaO wt% (ash) 21.50
MgO wt% (ash) 6.39
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.69
K2O wt% (ash) 6.66
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.03
Cu mg/kg (ash) 625.0
Mn mg/kg (ash) 590.0