tomato plant (#2887)

ID-number#2887
Materialtomato plant
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ vegetable
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [250] overige restprodcuten ▸ [252] tuinbouwafval
Ash typeUNE-CEN/TS 14775:2007 EX
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-01-07
RemarksC,H and N determined according to UNE-CEN/TS 15104:2008 EX. S according to ASTM D4239-08, Cl according to ASTM E776-87. Erroneous data for ash metal content corrected after consultation with authors.
LiteratureA.J. Callejón-Ferre, B. Velázquez-Martí, J.A. López-Martínez, F. Manzano-Agugliaro: Greenhouse crop residues: Energy potential and models for the prediction of their higher heating value. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15 (2011) 948-955.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 89.54
Ash content wt% 1.96 18.71
Volatile matter wt% 6.91 66.02 81.22
Fixed carbon wt% 1.60 15.27 18.78 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 3.99 38.17 46.96 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 0.43 4.08 5.02 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.24 2.30 2.83 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.05 0.50 0.62 Measured
Oxygen wt% 3.79 36.24 44.58 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.31 102.94 103.61 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg -0.73 13.94 17.14
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 1.55 14.83 18.24
HHVMilne MJ/kg 1.42 13.59 16.71 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 3 071.1 29 360.0 36 117.6 Measured

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 994
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 650
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 650
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 650

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 2.50
SiO2 wt% (ash) 10.20
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.97
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 1.26
CaO wt% (ash) 24.74
MgO wt% (ash) 7.91
Na2O wt% (ash) 5.51
K2O wt% (ash) 12.97
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.26
Cu mg/kg (ash) 2 090.0
Mn mg/kg (ash) 456.0