aubergine plant (#2886)

ID-number#2886
Materialaubergine plant
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ vegetable
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [250] overige restprodcuten ▸ [252] tuinbouwafval
Ash typeUNE-CEN/TS 14775:2007 EX
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-01-07
RemarksC,H and N determined according to UNE-CEN/TS 15104:2008 EX. S according to ASTM D4239-08, Cl according to ASTM E776-87. Erroneous data for ash metal content corrected after consultation with authors.
LiteratureA.J. Callejón-Ferre, B. Velázquez-Martí, J.A. López-Martínez, F. Manzano-Agugliaro: Greenhouse crop residues: Energy potential and models for the prediction of their higher heating value. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15 (2011) 948-955.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 83.64
Ash content wt% 2.15 13.12
Volatile matter wt% 11.60 70.89 81.60
Fixed carbon wt% 2.62 15.99 18.40 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 6.89 42.09 48.45 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 0.75 4.56 5.25 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.36 2.18 2.51 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.10 0.12 Measured
Oxygen wt% 6.21 37.95 43.68 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.16 101.00 101.15 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 0.50 15.53 17.88
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 2.70 16.53 19.03
HHVMilne MJ/kg 2.52 15.40 17.72 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 631.1 9 970.0 11 475.6 Measured

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 650
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 650
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 650
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 650

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 2.53
SiO2 wt% (ash) 7.40
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.47
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.90
CaO wt% (ash) 27.93
MgO wt% (ash) 4.16
Na2O wt% (ash) 1.87
K2O wt% (ash) 19.61
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.05
Cu mg/kg (ash) 97.0
Mn mg/kg (ash) 112.0