cucumber plant (#2885)

ID-number#2885
Materialcucumber plant
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ vegetable
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [250] overige restprodcuten ▸ [252] tuinbouwafval
Ash typeUNE-CEN/TS 14775:2007 EX
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2011-01-06
RemarksC,H and N determined according to UNE-CEN/TS 15104:2008 EX. S according to ASTM D4239-08, Cl according to ASTM E776-87. Erroneous data for ash metal content corrected after consultation with authors.
LiteratureA.J. Callejón-Ferre, B. Velázquez-Martí, J.A. López-Martínez, F. Manzano-Agugliaro: Greenhouse crop residues: Energy potential and models for the prediction of their higher heating value. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15 (2011) 948-955.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 89.36
Ash content wt% 2.97 27.96
Volatile matter wt% 6.56 61.68 85.62
Fixed carbon wt% 1.10 10.36 14.38 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 3.60 33.81 46.93 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 0.41 3.87 5.37 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.32 3.00 4.16 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.03 0.24 0.33 Measured
Oxygen wt% 3.31 31.12 43.20 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.12 101.11 101.54 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg -0.93 11.75 16.31
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 1.34 12.60 17.48
HHVMilne MJ/kg 1.30 12.26 17.02 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 1 176.8 11 060.0 15 352.6 Measured

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 993
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 650
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 650
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 650

Ash Properties

Ash composition

P2O5 wt% (ash) 5.65
SiO2 wt% (ash) 5.86
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.11
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 0.38
CaO wt% (ash) 29.46
MgO wt% (ash) 14.48
Na2O wt% (ash) 4.36
K2O wt% (ash) 7.49
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.01
Cu mg/kg (ash) 727.0
Mn mg/kg (ash) 2 690.0