orange skin char (#2881)

Materialorange skin char
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ Biochar ▸ Agroindustrial residues
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [804] brandstof na carbonisatie
Ash typeASTM, Standard Test Method for Total Ash Content of Activated Carbon. D2866-94 (2004).
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2010-07-20
RemarksChar from orange skin, also called grapefruit skin in the same article. Data on starting material in previous record. Carbonization under N2 for 2 hours at 700°C.
LiteratureJ.M. Rosas, J. Bedia, J. Rodríguez-Mirasol, T. Cordero: On the preparation and characterization of chars and activated carbons from orange skin. Fuel Proc. Techn. 91-10 (2010) 1345-1354.


Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 17.00

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 72.04 86.80 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 1.74 2.10 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.08 1.30 Measured
Oxygen wt% 8.13 9.80 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

HHVMilne MJ/kg 25.55 30.78 Calculated