orange skin, air dried (#2880)

Materialorange skin, air dried
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ food industry waste
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [529] overige schillen/vliezen/pitten
Ash typeASTM, Standard Test Method for Total Ash Content of Activated Carbon. D2866-94 (2004).
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2010-07-20
RemarksOrange skin, also called grapefruit skin in the same article), washed and air-dried for one month. Char derived from the same material in next record.
LiteratureJ.M. Rosas, J. Bedia, J. Rodríguez-Mirasol, T. Cordero: On the preparation and characterization of chars and activated carbons from orange skin. Fuel Proc. Techn. 91-10 (2010) 1345-1354.


Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Main biomass properties

Proximate analysis

Moisture content wt% (ar)
Ash content wt% 3.90

Ultimate analysis (macroelements)

Carbon wt% 47.76 49.70 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 6.15 6.40 Measured
Oxygen wt% 41.32 43.00 Calculated
Nitrogen wt% 0.86 0.90 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Heating value

HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.30 20.08 Calculated