grape skins and seeds, air dried (#2862)

ID-number#2862
Materialgrape skins and seeds, air dried
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ food industry waste
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [529] overige schillen/vliezen/pitten
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-08-10
LiteratureR. Xu, L. Ferrante, C. Briend, F. Berruti: Flash pyrolysis of grape residues into biofuel in a bubbling fluid bed. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis 86 (2009) 58-65.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 6.29
Ash content wt% 5.66 6.04
Volatile matter wt% 61.93 66.09 70.34
Fixed carbon wt% 26.12 27.87 29.66 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.29 48.33 51.44 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.57 5.95 6.33 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.81 1.93 2.05 Measured
Oxygen wt% 35.38 37.75 40.18 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.18 18.50 19.69
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.55 19.80 21.07
HHVMilne MJ/kg 18.27 19.50 20.75 Calculated

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 570