grape skins, air dried (#2861)

ID-number#2861
Materialgrape skins, air dried
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ food industry waste
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [529] overige schillen/vliezen/pitten
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-08-10
LiteratureR. Xu, L. Ferrante, C. Briend, F. Berruti: Flash pyrolysis of grape residues into biofuel in a bubbling fluid bed. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis 86 (2009) 58-65.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 6.26
Ash content wt% 6.36 6.78
Volatile matter wt% 64.07 68.35 73.32
Fixed carbon wt% 23.31 24.87 26.68 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 41.39 44.15 47.36 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.14 5.48 5.88 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 2.05 2.19 2.35 Measured
Oxygen wt% 38.81 41.40 44.41 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.16 17.40 18.67
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.44 18.60 19.95
HHVMilne MJ/kg 15.91 16.97 18.21 Calculated

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 560