wood, beech torrefied at 260°C (#2860)

ID-number#2860
Materialwood, beech torrefied at 260°C
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ hardwood ▸ stemwood without bark
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [803] brandstof na torrefactie
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-07-20
Remarkssee record 2858 for raw material
LiteratureC. Couhert, S. Salvador, J.-M. Commandré: Impact of torrefaction on syngas production from wood. Fuel 88 (2009) 2286-2290.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 0.00
Ash content wt% 0.40 0.40
Volatile matter wt% 75.70 75.70 76.00
Fixed carbon wt% 23.90 23.90 24.00 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 54.18 54.18 54.40 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.18 5.18 5.20 Measured
Oxygen wt% 40.24 40.24 40.40 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 20.74 20.74 20.83
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 21.87 21.87 21.96
HHVMilne MJ/kg 20.49 20.49 20.57 Calculated