wood, beech torrefied at 240°C (#2859)

ID-number#2859
Materialwood, beech torrefied at 240°C
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ hardwood ▸ stemwood without bark
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [803] brandstof na torrefactie
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-07-20
Remarkssee previous record for raw material
LiteratureC. Couhert, S. Salvador, J.-M. Commandré: Impact of torrefaction on syngas production from wood. Fuel 88 (2009) 2286-2290.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 0.00
Ash content wt% 0.35 0.35
Volatile matter wt% 80.60 80.60 80.88
Fixed carbon wt% 19.05 19.05 19.12 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 51.52 51.52 51.70 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.38 5.38 5.40 Measured
Oxygen wt% 42.75 42.75 42.90 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 19.53 19.53 19.60
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 20.71 20.71 20.78
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.55 19.55 19.62 Calculated