wood, beech for torrefaction (#2858)

ID-number#2858
Materialwood, beech for torrefaction
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ beech
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [120] loofhout ▸ [125] hard loofhout
Sample lot size80-200 micrometer
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2009-07-20
Remarkssee next records for products of torrefaction
LiteratureC. Couhert, S. Salvador, J.-M. Commandré: Impact of torrefaction on syngas production from wood. Fuel 88 (2009) 2286-2290.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 10.00
Ash content wt% 0.27 0.30
Volatile matter wt% 75.78 84.20 84.45
Fixed carbon wt% 13.95 15.50 15.55 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.13 50.15 50.30 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.76 5.28 5.30 Measured
Oxygen wt% 39.84 44.27 44.40 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.76 17.78 17.84
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.04 18.94 18.99
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.89 18.77 18.83 Calculated