orange peel and seeds (#2832)

ID-number#2832
Materialorange peel and seeds
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ organic residue/product ▸ food industry waste
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [529] overige schillen/vliezen/pitten
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2008-09-15
Remarksoven dried material
LiteratureL. Aguiar, F. Marquez-Montesinos, A. Gonzalo, J.L. Sanchez, J. Arauzo: Influence of temperature and particle size on the fixed bed pyrolysis of orange peel residues. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis 83 (2008)124-130.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 7.05
Ash content wt% 4.23 4.55
Volatile matter wt% 71.67 77.11 80.79
Fixed carbon wt% 17.05 18.34 19.21 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 43.13 46.40 48.61 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.30 5.70 5.97 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.41 1.52 1.59 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.05 0.05 0.05 Measured
Oxygen wt% 38.83 41.78 43.77 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 15.73 17.11 17.92
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.06 18.35 19.22
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.82 18.10 18.96 Calculated