oat straw (#2816)

ID-number#2816
Materialoat straw
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ straw (stalk/cob/ear) ▸ others ▸ oat straw
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [220] stro ▸ [229] overig stro
Ash type575°C
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2006-07-17
RemarksSee also, by the same authors, pp581-592 in Proceedings 18th FBC conference (Toronto, 2005). Ash contains 0.14% MnO
LiteratureM. Theis, B.-J. Skrifvars, M. Zevenhoven, M. Hupa, H. Tran: Fouling tendency of ash resulting from burning mixtures of biofuels. Part 2: Deposit chemistry. Fuel 85 (2006) 1992-2001

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 8.20
Ash content wt% 5.42 5.90
Volatile matter wt% 73.90 80.50 85.55
Fixed carbon wt% 12.48 13.60 14.45 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 43.70 47.60 50.58 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.32 5.80 6.16 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.46 0.50 0.53 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.07 0.08 0.09 Measured
Oxygen wt% 39.93 43.50 46.23 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 103.19 103.47 103.69 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.02 17.67 18.78
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.39 18.94 20.13
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.02 18.54 19.70 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 826.2 900.0 956.4 Measured

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 4.13
Cl wt% (ash) 1.84
P2O5 wt% (ash) 5.14
SiO2 wt% (ash) 31.43
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 1.81
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 3.86
CaO wt% (ash) 9.99
MgO wt% (ash) 3.72
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.55
K2O wt% (ash) 22.37
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.22