thistle (#2812)

ID-number#2812
Materialthistle
Descriptionfibrous
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ grass/plant ▸ other plants ▸ thistle
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [240] gewassen ▸ [249] overige gewassen
Sample lot size<70 mm
Ash type550°C
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2006-07-17
Remarksash fusion temperatures above 1400°C
LiteratureM.J. Fernandez Llorente, R. Escalada Cuadrado, J.M. Murillo Laplaza, J.E. Carrasco Garcia: Combustion in bubbling fluidised bed with bed material of limestone to reduce the biomass ash agglomeration an sintering. Fuel 85 (2006) 2081-2092

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 10.10
Ash content wt% 8.00 8.90
Volatile matter wt% 68.50 76.20 83.64
Fixed carbon wt% 13.40 14.90 16.36 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 40.10 44.60 48.96 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.57 6.20 6.81 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.68 0.76 0.83 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.15 0.17 0.19 Measured
Oxygen wt% 34.69 38.59 42.36 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 14.18 16.05 17.61
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 15.64 17.40 19.10
HHVMilne MJ/kg 16.69 18.57 20.38 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 7 012.2 7 800.0 8 562.0 Measured

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 220

Ash Properties

Ash composition

CO2 wt% (ash) 18.00
SO3 wt% (ash) 5.00
Cl wt% (ash) 10.00
P2O5 wt% (ash) 1.40
SiO2 wt% (ash) 12.00
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 0.87
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 2.30
CaO wt% (ash) 29.00
MgO wt% (ash) 3.30
Na2O wt% (ash) 7.70
K2O wt% (ash) 9.10