Profactus (NL) fuel pellets (#2768)

ID-number#2768
MaterialProfactus (NL) fuel pellets
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ other hard wood
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [120] loofhout ▸ [125] hard loofhout
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2004-10-04
Remarkspellets (diameter 6 mm, length < 40 mm) made from European and tropical hard wood like oak, beech, merant, merbau
LiteratureProfactus, Oss, the Netherlands (analysed by TLR Technical Laboratory Rotterdam)

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 8.65
Ash content wt% 0.44 0.48
Volatile matter wt% 72.99 79.90 80.29
Fixed carbon wt% 17.92 19.62 19.71 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 48.10 52.65 52.90 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.46 5.98 6.01 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.19 0.21 0.21 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.08 0.09 0.09 Measured
Oxygen wt% 37.06 40.57 40.77 Calculated
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.28 19.15 19.24
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.68 20.45 20.55
HHVMilne MJ/kg 19.15 20.96 21.07 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 182.7 200.0 201.0 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 10.0 11.0 11.1 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Measured
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.0
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.1
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 5.3 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 5.0
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 23.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 3.0
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 3.5 Measured
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 1.0
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 14.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 10.0 Measured
Tellurium (Te) mg/kg (dry) 1.0
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.1
Mercury (Hg) mg/kg (dry) 0.0

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 1.0
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 1.0

Physical Properties

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 360
SOT (softening or spherical temperature) °C 1 430
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 440
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 450

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 1.80
P2O5 wt% (ash) 0.70
SiO2 wt% (ash) 14.30
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 2.10
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 2.30
CaO wt% (ash) 36.50
MgO wt% (ash) 8.10
Na2O wt% (ash) 1.20
K2O wt% (ash) 6.80
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.60