cacao (#2736)

ID-number#2736
Materialcacao
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ cacao ▸ cacao
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [200] biomassa uit land- en tuinbouw ▸ [230] restproducten (doppen) ▸ [232] cacaodoppen
Ash type815°C
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2004-09-17
RemarksAsh analysis of lab ash reported 550°C melt. Results from EC project SEFCO
LiteratureResults from EC project SEFCO

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Main biomass properties

Proximate analysis

Moisture content wt% 9.33
Ash content wt% 7.49 8.26
Volatile matter wt% 65.21 71.92 78.40
Fixed carbon wt% 17.97 19.82 21.60 Calculated

Ultimate analysis (macroelements)

Carbon wt% 43.74 48.24 52.58 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 8.32 9.18 10.01 Measured
Oxygen wt% 28.52 31.45 34.28 Calculated
Nitrogen wt% 2.53 2.79 3.04 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.05 0.06 0.07 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 100.00 100.00 100.00 Calculated

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 181.3 200.0 218.0 Measured

Heating value

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.37 18.30 19.95
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.41 20.30 22.13
HHVMilne MJ/kg 22.09 24.37 26.56 Calculated

Ash melting behaviour

American standard method, measured in oxidizing conditions

IDT (initial deformation temperature) °C 1 060
HT (hemispherical temperature) °C 1 150
FT (fluid temperature) °C 1 170

Ash Properties

Ash composition

SO3 wt% (ash) 2.72
P2O5 wt% (ash) 10.30
SiO2 wt% (ash) 22.10
Fe2O3 wt% (ash) 1.50
Al2O3 wt% (ash) 2.60
CaO wt% (ash) 4.20
MgO wt% (ash) 10.00
Na2O wt% (ash) 0.10
K2O wt% (ash) 33.10
TiO2 wt% (ash) 0.30
Mn mg/kg (ash) 700.0