palm kernel (hexane extracted) (#2719)

ID-number#2719
Materialpalm kernel (hexane extracted)
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Fruit biomass ▸ Orchard and Horticulture fruit ▸ Nuts and acoms ▸ Kernels
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ husk/shell/pit ▸ others
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [500] biomassa uit de industrie ▸ [520] schillen/vliezen/pitten ▸ [529] overige schillen/vliezen/pitten
Ash type550 degC
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2003-12-25
Remarkshexane content: 40 microgram/kg
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 6.50 ECN CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3
Ash content at 550°C wt% 4.21 4.50 ECN CEN/TS 14775

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 43.38 46.40 48.59 ECN CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.73 6.13 6.42 ECN CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 2.60 2.78 2.91 ECN CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.22 0.23 0.24 ECN CEN/TS 15289
Oxygen wt% 35.62 38.10 39.90 ECN Measured B.N213
Total (with halides) wt% 98.35 98.24 98.15 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.14 18.50 19.37 ECN
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.55 19.84 20.77 ECN CEN/TS 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.74 18.97 19.86 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 888.3 950.0 994.8 ECN CEN/TS 15289

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 470.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 5 900.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 70.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 2 600.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 2 300.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 3 300.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 540.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 6 600.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 28.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290

Minor elements

Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 1.4 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 3.2 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 28.0 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 195.0 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 1.7 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.9 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 48.0 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 3.8 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.9 ECN CEN/TS 15297

Other elements

Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 13.0 ECN Measured B.S221
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 3.5 ECN Measured B.S221
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 0.4 ECN Measured B.S221