Willow char 550 deg C (#2717)

ID-number#2717
MaterialWillow char 550 deg C
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ Biochar ▸ Wood
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [804] brandstof na carbonisatie
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2003-10-20
RemarksWilg char 550 deg C
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 0.10
Ash content wt% 6.19 6.20
Volatile matter wt% 11.59 11.60 12.37
Fixed carbon wt% 82.12 82.20 87.63 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 81.62 81.70 87.10 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 2.40 2.40 2.56 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.40 0.40 0.43 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.04 0.04 0.04 Measured
Oxygen wt% 8.59 8.60 9.17 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 99.40 99.40 99.36 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 34.34 34.38 36.65
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 34.87 34.90 37.21
HHVMilne MJ/kg 29.84 29.87 31.84 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 499.5 500.0 533.0 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 89.9 90.0 95.9 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 95.6 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 6 412.5 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 546.4 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 17 060.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 322.3 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 669.2 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 212.8 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 2 740.6 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 8.9 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.9
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 Measured
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 9.1 Measured
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 4.4 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 13.7 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 57.5 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 4.0 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 1.3 Measured
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 1.3 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 261.7 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 3.2 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.2
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 2.1

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.8 Measured
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 63.4 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 21.1 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 2.1 Measured

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 100