Willow char 350 deg C (#2716)

ID-number#2716
MaterialWillow char 350 deg C
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ Biochar ▸ Wood
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [804] brandstof na carbonisatie
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2003-10-20
RemarksWilg char 350 deg C
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 0.10
Ash content wt% 4.10 4.10
Volatile matter wt% 34.37 34.40 35.87
Fixed carbon wt% 61.44 61.50 64.13 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 68.33 68.40 71.32 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 4.10 4.10 4.28 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.50 0.50 0.52 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.04 0.04 0.04 Measured
Oxygen wt% 21.28 21.30 22.21 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 98.47 98.47 98.41 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 25.78 25.81 26.91
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 26.67 26.70 27.84
HHVMilne MJ/kg 26.05 26.07 27.19 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 299.7 300.0 312.8 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 30.0 30.0 31.3 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 223.9 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 5 977.7 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 498.4 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 8 817.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 983.9 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 1 010.1 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 172.4 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 2 085.6 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 9.8 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 3.3 Measured
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 4.8 Measured
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Measured
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 8.8 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 9.2 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 32.6 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 27.4 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 4.9 Measured
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 151.0 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 4.0 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.2
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 2.1

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 1.2 Measured
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 38.2 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 15.7 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 5.1 Measured

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 100