Straw pellets char 350 deg C (#2710)

ID-number#2710
MaterialStraw pellets char 350 deg C
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ Biochar ▸ Straw
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [804] brandstof na carbonisatie
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2003-10-20
RemarksChinese straw pellets 350 deg C
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 0.10
Ash content wt% 37.86 37.90
Volatile matter wt% 26.17 26.20 42.19
Fixed carbon wt% 35.86 35.90 57.81 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 45.95 46.00 74.07 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 2.80 2.80 4.51 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 1.20 1.20 1.93 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.41 0.41 0.66 Measured
Oxygen wt% 12.49 12.50 20.13 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 102.82 102.82 104.55 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 17.37 17.39 28.00
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 17.98 18.00 28.99
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.39 17.41 28.04 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 19 980.0 20 000.0 32 206.1 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 129.9 130.0 209.3 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 11 763.3 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 41 762.6 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 6 160.9 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 16 869.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 58 619.2 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 7 110.5 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 6 439.9 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 2 146.8 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 348.9 Measured

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 2.7 Measured
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.3 Measured
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 6.4 Measured
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 13.7 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 11.4 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 210.7 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 6.8 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 12.0 Measured
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 13.9 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 33.1 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 178.6 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 1.3 Measured
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 2.1

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.2 Measured
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 153.7 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 19.9 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 2.2

Physical Properties

Commonly used properties

Bulk density (ar) kg/m³ (ar) 100