wood, beech torrefied, milled/sieved < 250 um (#2688)

ID-number#2688
Materialwood, beech torrefied, milled/sieved < 250 um
Classification ECN Phyllis classification ▸ torrefied material ▸ hardwood ▸ stemwood without bark
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [800] samengestelde stromen ▸ [803] brandstof na torrefactie
Ash type550 degC, ash-content @815C: 0.85%
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2003-05-15
RemarksBeech from Rettenmayer
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 5.60
Volatile matter wt% 71.65 75.90 76.93
Ash content at 550°C wt% 1.26 1.34
Ash content at 815°C wt% 0.80 0.85
Fixed carbon wt% 21.49 22.76 23.07 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 52.20 55.30 56.05 Measured
Hydrogen wt% 5.29 5.60 5.68 Measured
Nitrogen wt% 0.21 0.22 0.22 Measured
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.02 0.02 Measured
Oxygen wt% 37.67 39.90 40.44 Measured
Total (with halides) wt% 102.25 102.38 102.42 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 19.09 20.37 20.65
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 20.38 21.59 21.89
HHVMilne MJ/kg 20.23 21.43 21.72 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 68.0 72.0 73.0 Measured
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 3.5 3.7 3.8 Measured

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 42.0 Measured
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 1 450.0 Measured
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 8.0 Measured
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 3 900.0 Measured
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 182.0 Measured
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 460.0 Measured
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 42.0 Measured
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 106.0 Measured
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 1.9

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 0.8 Measured
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Measured
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 2.4 Measured
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 1.8 Measured
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 64.0 Measured
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 12.1 Measured
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 Measured
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Measured
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 3.7 Measured
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 15.0 Measured
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.7
Selenium (Se) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 Measured

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 Measured
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 6.1 Measured
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 5.7 Measured
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 9.5 Measured