beech from Rettenmayer, milled/sieved <250 um (#2687)

ID-number#2687
Materialbeech from Rettenmayer, milled/sieved <250 um
Classification CEN/TS 14961 classification ▸ Solid biofuels ▸ Woody biomass
ECN Phyllis classification ▸ untreated wood ▸ beech
NTA 8003 classification ▸ [100] hout ▸ [110] vers hout ▸ [120] loofhout ▸ [125] hard loofhout
Ash type550 deg C (@815 degC: 0.60% ash
Submitter organisationECN (Netherlands)
Submission date2003-05-15
Remarksused for entrained flow gasifications tests at ECN
LiteratureECN laboratories.

Values

Property Unit Value Std dev Det lim Lab Date Method Remarks
ar dry daf

Fuel Properties

Proximate Analysis

Moisture content wt% 9.60 ECN CEN/TS 14774-1,2,3
Volatile matter wt% 74.76 82.70 83.54 ECN
Ash content at 550°C wt% 0.91 1.01 ECN CEN/TS 14775
Ash content at 815°C wt% 0.54 0.60 ECN
Fixed carbon wt% 14.73 16.29 16.46 Calculated

Ultimate Analysis

Carbon wt% 43.84 48.50 48.99 ECN CEN/TS 15104
Hydrogen wt% 5.51 6.10 6.16 ECN CEN/TS 15104
Nitrogen wt% 0.22 0.24 0.24 ECN CEN/TS 15104
Sulphur wt% 0.02 0.02 0.02 ECN CEN/TS 15289
Oxygen wt% 38.87 43.00 43.44 ECN Measured B.N213
Total (with halides) wt% 98.98 98.87 98.86 Calculated

Calorific Values

Net calorific value (LHV) MJ/kg 16.66 18.69 18.88 ECN
Gross calorific value (HHV) MJ/kg 18.10 20.02 20.22 ECN ECN/TS 14918
HHVMilne MJ/kg 17.54 19.40 19.60 Calculated

Chemical Analyses

Halides

Chlorine (Cl) mg/kg 33.4 37.0 37.4 ECN CEN/TS 15289
Fluorine (F) mg/kg 3.0 3.3 3.3 ECN Measured B.N203

Major elements

Aluminium (Al) mg/kg (dry) 48.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Potassium (K) mg/kg (dry) 1 150.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Sodium (Na) mg/kg (dry) 8.5 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Calcium (Ca) mg/kg (dry) 3 100.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Silicon (Si) mg/kg (dry) 170.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Magnesium (Mg) mg/kg (dry) 370.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Iron (Fe) mg/kg (dry) 47.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Phosphorus (P) mg/kg (dry) 90.0 ECN CEN/TS 15290
Titanium (Ti) mg/kg (dry) 1.9 ECN CEN/TS 15290

Minor elements

Arsenic (As) mg/kg (dry) 1.0 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Cadmium (Cd) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Cobalt (Co) mg/kg (dry) 0.5 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Chromium (Cr) mg/kg (dry) 2.5 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Copper (Cu) mg/kg (dry) 1.4 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Manganese (Mn) mg/kg (dry) 56.0 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Nickel (Ni) mg/kg (dry) 4.1 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Lead (Pb) mg/kg (dry) 0.9 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Vanadium (V) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Zinc (Zn) mg/kg (dry) 3.6 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Barium (Ba) mg/kg (dry) 14.0 ECN CEN/TS 15297
Molybdenium (Mo) mg/kg (dry) 0.7 ECN

Other elements

Tin (Sn) mg/kg (dry) 0.1 ECN Measured B.S221
Strontium (Sr) mg/kg (dry) 5.1 ECN Measured B.S221
Boron (B) mg/kg (dry) 4.6 ECN Measured B.S221
Antimony (Sb) mg/kg (dry) 26.0 ECN Measured B.S221